What is Acne?
The medical name for acne is Acne Vulgaris. It is a skin condition caused by blocked hair follicles on the face and sometimes the back. Often occurring during puberty when the sebaceous glands – the ones that produce oil – come to life. These are found at the base of the hair follicle and are stimulated by hormones in both boys and girls.
Acne is not contagious to others but the bacteria it causes can spread over the face and often on the back. Acne can leave scarring which can be significant in severe cases and can cause loss of confidence and stress at a time in a teenager’s life when they are very conscious of their body and looks.
Causes of acne
Some studies have shown that acne could be genetic but the main cause is thought to be the hormone androgen. As a child goes into puberty, androgen levels rise, oils glands in the skin grow and more oil is produced. If this is excessive, the cellular walls in the pores break down and cause a growth in bacteria.
Who is prone to acne?
- Young adults
- Pregnant women
What does acne look like?
- An over oily skin
- Red spots
- Yellow pus-filled pimples
- Large tender spots
How to get rid of acne
Depending on the severity and persistency of the acne, antibiotic tablets or creams may be prescribed by a GP or dermatologist.
It is very important to keep your face clean using a gentle cleanser, toner and moisturiser; if it has active ingredients all the better. Galvanic treatments can be very effective as the skin is cleansed at a deeper level. Using non-oil based makeup is a must and preferably as natural as possible. A healthy diet is always good, including lots of fresh fruit and vegetables and drinking plenty of water too.
Be gentle with your skin and try not to be tempted to squeeze the spots, this can cause damage to the skin and cause more scarring.